19 Aug The Evolution of Chat: From Smoke Signals to IOT
In honour of Pescado’s 10th anniversary we would like to share with you the fascinating evolution of human communication technology.
We are delighted to have been succeeding in the world of business telecoms for a decade and the ‘Evolution of Chat’ story has always deeply intrigued us.
Gaining insight into previous technologies and trends in the telecoms industry helps us learn and evolve for the future.
Exploring the fascinating world of communication, from its origins to where we are today, is the perfect way to mark our 10 years in business telecoms and we will also share with you our predications for the future.
The Evolution of Chat
In the Beginning – Early man had very few tools for communicating across distances. Speech and body language were all we had but this was fine as we lived in small tribes. As time moved on drawings and then written language were used to transmit knowledge down the generations, but it was still not very effective for communicating over distance.
Smoke Signals – As civilisations emerged and empires spread over great expanses communication over distance became necessary. Smoke signals are some of the earliest recorded forms of communication over distance. Historical evidence points to smoke signals first being used in China in 200BC to carry messages along the great wall.
Carrier Pigeons – This was such an effective form of communication that it was even used up until and after World War II. The first recorded use of carrier pigeons was back in the 12th century. Dovecotes were established in Cairo and Damascus to carry messages from Egypt to cities further away such as Baghdad. Sultan Nur-ed was one of the first to build these pigeons lofts and dovecotes.
Postal Services – While pigeons and couriers could carry letters over long distance it was not until 1635 that an official mail service was made available for public use. Charles 1 made the Royal Mail service public in this year.
The Telegraph – Communication over any distance was incredibly slow but the invention of the telegraph was a massive leap forward in 1844 when Samuel Morse sent the very first telegraph message. The telegraph functioned by sending electrical signals over wires which could then be translated at their destination.
Landlines – The telegraph become obsolete with the invention of telephones. This remains one of the most revolutionary advancements in the evolution of chat. Phones may have changed so dramatically over the years that they are barely recognisable as the same device but we do still use them today. Alexander Graham Bell was awarded the first U.S. patent for the invention of the telephone in 1876. Telephones were commonly used by the 1950s.
Email – Computers and email have proven to provide an impressive challenge to telephones. Repeatedly experts have predicted that they would make telephones obsolete in the way telephones spelled the end of the telegraph but despite the rise of social media telephones are still widely used across the globe. The very first email was sent in the 1970s.
Computers Get Smaller – Although they offered a lot more functionality that went beyond communication, the invention of laptops made utilising computers easier and more convenient. You could carry a laptop around and this encouraged the use of communication via email. 1981 was the first recorded public sale of a laptop.
The Dawn of Mobiles – By 1985 mobile phones were widely enjoyed allowing effective communication across distance while on the go but they were huge and cumbersome.
Dial up Internet – Dial up internet existed in the 1980s but first become commercially available in 1992. It was first born in 1983.
Texting – The first ever text was sent in 1992. It simply said Merry Christmas and was sent by the CEO of Vodafone.
World Wide Web – The invention of the world wide web would forever have an incredible impact on the world of communication. Its advent was 1994.
VoIP – VoIP technology would become one of the most effective and sophisticated forms of cheap communication across distance but it had humble beginnings in 1995 as a world around for long distance phone charges.
VoIP Moves Forwards – VoIP technology advances with computer to telephone and telephone to telephone calling capabilities for free.
Satellite Mobiles – 1998 was also the year for use of mobile satellite hand held phones.
Broadband – Dial up continued to be painfully slow but we were all rescued from tedium with the mass role out of broadband. Now dial up is rarely used and broadband dominates the world. It has profoundly changed the world of business telecoms with interconnected office and increased speed at home and at work. Broadband first began to be tangibly utilised in the early 2000s.
SIP – The early 2000s also saw the invention Session Initiation Protocol. SIP phones allow internet protocol for initiating interactive sessions between users. SIP channels provide a lower call rate and free calls between sites, which is why they are popular in business telecoms. They can also run on existing PBX systems.
VoIP Becomes More Widely Used – VoIP makes us 25% of all voice calls by 2003.
Skype – Skype Beta is launched in 2003.
3G – By 2004 the Vodafone 3G consumer network is here.
Video Chat – 2005 sees Skype video chat become a reality.
iPhones – 2007 brings us the very first iPhone. Smartphones will take over and change a mobile from a tool for making calls to a micro computer with mind boggling functionality.
iPad – Tablet computers already existed before Apple brought our their own version but since the launch of the first iPad in 2010 we can consider them revolutionary thanks to the huge growth in popularity brought about by the iPad.
Touch Screens – By 2011 touch screens are highly popular and the default for all mobiles. Bye bye button keyboard.
4G – 2012 welcomes 4G.
While these new technologies have been emerging, existing technology has been advancing all the time as well. VoIP, connected offices, IT systems have been bringing the business world a greater level of choice, flexibility and connectedness which means more efficient ways of making profit.
While the evolution of chat is amazing to see for anyone in business telecoms, what is even more exciting is what we have to look forward to. Humanity’s curiosity and desire for communication with each other and our artificial devices is already pushing us to the next arena.
5G and IOT (the internet of things) are the next big changes. It is so exciting for Pescado to be looking forward to our 10th birthday, a new office and a bright future for business telecoms. It has previously all been about communication with people but soon we want to communicate with objects, such as our fridge, our house, our television from wherever we are. The first instance of this IOT technology has already been seen and is more widely used in the business world but by 2020 experts predict it will be widely used by the public. It is also expected that we will all be using 5G by 2020 if not sooner.